Agriculture and the conservation of wildlife biodiversity - Comparative analysis of policies in the USA and the EU

We analyze and compare environmental and agricultural policies for conserving the biodiversity of wild plants and animals on agricultural lands in the European Union (EU) and the United States (US). The discussion of strategies for conserving biodiversity at community level (EU-level and federal in the US) and the role of agriculture in this context provides the lead for subsequent sections on the implementation of different policy instruments. We pay special attention to the distribution of competences within the multi-level policy systems of the EU (regional, national, EU level) and US (state and federal, to the extent that state programs implement federal law), and discuss mechanisms for introducing and implementing new instruments. Finally, we compare both approaches and draw conclusions and lessons that support transatlantic learning.

Heike Nitsch